The Print after Photography. Talbot and the Invention of the Photographic Print

МАТЕРИАЛЫ НАУЧНОЙ КОНФЕРЕНЦИИ В РАМКАХ ВЫСТАВКИ «УИЛЬЯМ ГЕНРИ ФОКС ТАЛЬБОТ. У ИСТОКОВ ФОТОГРАФИИ» Государственный музей изобразительных искусств имени А.С. Пушкина 1 THE PRINT AFTER PHOTOGRAPHY. TALBOT AND THE INVENTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINT Dr. Geoffrey Belknap (Great Britain), Curator of Photography and Photographic Technology, National Science and Media Museum (Bradford) After a long career spent researching, writing about and taking care of the printing collection of the British Museum, the emeritus keeper of the department of prints and drawings, Anthony Griffiths, recently published his long-awaited treatise on the history of image printing. In The Print Before Photography , Griffiths maps the history of visual reproductive technologies from the 16 th to 19 th centuries, from the wood cut to lithograph. The announcement of the invention of photography in 1839, for Griffiths, is a dividing point for the printed image. Later photographic processes – particularly the halftone process and off-set lithography – signalled the demise of hand-crafted image reproduction technologies. This presentation looks to blur these boundaries between photography and engraving by focusing on the photographic printing work of one of the canonical inventors of the medium – William Henry Fox Talbot. This division between photography and printing is not isolated to print historians. In the recent volume Photography and its Origins edited by Tanya Sheehan and Mario Zervigon, Stephen Bann has reminded us of a critical division in the history of photography, especially when it comes to narratives surrounding the invention of photography. “…the history of photography has sometimes tended to be written as an unstated product of exclusions. For example, photography is not printmaking. Nineteenth-century photography does not include reproductive